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[ this file's actual name is :]
http:///what-would-Jesus-think.info/
about/NYTimes-PiusXII-editorials.htm

How trustworthy are

the New York Times

editorials?

Don't trust the ones written by editors who
value their Catholic faith over the truth!

Prior to the emergence of the internet, and even television, it was newspapers that people relied on to inform them of what was going on in the world. And among papers, none in America was trusted more than "The Gray Lady".
        Ever since the 1960's many historians have been raising serious questions about what the Roman Catholic Church – and in particular about its pope, as the most powerful religious leader in the world at the time – did or failed to do in order to counter the Jewish Holocaust. And for almost as long, the defenders of Pope Pius XII have been suggesting that no amount of historical evidence amassed to prove the contrary can overcome the authority of the editors of The New York Times, who supposedly proclaimed at the height of the Holocaust that "The voice of Pius XII is a lonely voice in the silence and darkness enveloping Europe this Christmas. . . He is about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares to raise his voice at all." (complete text on this page below)

I have learned from long experience not to run from the arguments of those with whom I disagree. By actually following their claims back to their sources to see how legitimate they are, I either learn from them and improve my views, or I find out how weak and/or fraudulent those arguments are. In this instance, what I have found is :

1) The NYT didn't even have our idea of an "editorial page" at the time, nor did its editors identify themselves, or anyone else, as the authors of the what Pius XII's apologists call "editorials".   As can be seen from the microfiche pictures of the pages in question (at the bottom of this page), there is nothing but a tiny masthead on those pages, and "Letters to The Times", but there's no attribution of authorship to the various blurbs on that page. Just because there is no disclaimer saying that "the views on this page do not necessarily represent the views of the editors" is not proof that the comments on that page do represent the views of the editors.
      2) And what the editors were publishing on that very same day, on other pages of their paper, beginning with the front page, was the very opposite of what is claimed in these so-called "editorials".

And so it is about time for the apologists for Pope Pius XII to stop their erroneous and/or dishonest abuse of the prestige of The New York Times.


However, unless and until the New York Times defends its own well–earned reputation, by repudiating the use of its name in support of the wrong side of this very important historical debate, silence can very well be interpreted by many as consent.

the ideal person to bring this monstrous 70 + years abuse of its reputation to the attention of the editors of the New York Times and persuade them to set the record straight. -->

The Jews didn't get the help
they should have from the American press:

The following critique of the role of the press at the time shows how crucial it was for the press to inform the public of the threat represented by Europe's Fascist regimes, and how difficult that task was, because it was hard for the public to believe that people could be as vicious as some of the press was reporting.
        "The newspaper became the most prevalent medium for informing the people. David Wyman, in The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941–1945, emphasized that the American press did little to publicize news of the Holocaust and stir public activism, and he blamed the press as one of the groups which failed the Jews during the war.  Although coverage was sometimes scant and often relegated to inner pages, the information was still available to the American public. During the summer of 1942, newspapers acknowledged the various reports of Nazi atrocities. On June 27, for example, the New York Times published about two inches on page five regarding the Polish government's report, which was also broadcast on the BBC and CBS radio, of 700,000 Jews slain by the Nazis. The article quoted the statement: "To accomplish this, probably the greatest mass slaughter in history, every death–dealing method was employed – machine–gun bullets, hand grenades, gas chambers, concentration camps, whipping, torture instruments, and starvation."   Three days later, a longer article under the headline "1,000,000 Jews Slain By Nazis, Report Says," appeared in the New York Times detailing the World Jewish Congress report. 
        An announcement made by Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels on June 12 should have sounded warning bells. In retaliation for Allied air bombings of German cities, Goebbels promised that the Nazis would execute a mass "extermination" of European Jews. He elaborated: "The Jews are playing a frivolous game and they will pay for it with the extermination of their race in all Europe and perhaps even beyond Europe." The New York Times carried this medium–length story on page seven.   If they did not quite trust Goebbels, Americans could have listened to Hitler's speech at the Berlin Sports Palace on September 30. It was recorded on German radio and reported by American newspapers:

"In my Reichstag speech of September 1, 1939, I have proclaimed ... that if Jewry should plot another world war in order to exterminate the Aryan peoples of Europe, it would not be the Aryan peoples which would be exterminated, but Jewry? At one time the Jews of Germany laughed about my prophecies. I do not know whether they are still laughing or whether they have already lost all desire to laugh. But right now I can only repeat: they will stop laughing everywhere, and I shall be right also in that prophecy."

After the State Department obtained confirmation of the Riegner report, Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles went to Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of the American Jewish Congress and authorized him to release the information to the press. On November 24, 1942, Rabbi Wise held a press conference in Washington and told reporters that the State Department had confirmed that two million European Jews had already fallen victim to Hitler's plan of total extermination. While Wyman found that the press conference and its disclosures were not a "major story" – of the nation's 19 most important newspapers, only five placed the story on page one and two did not carry it at all – it was nonetheless widely reported. From that moment on, more news would point to the horrible truth of Hitler's Final Solution. November 1942 marked a turning point, as ignorance turned into awareness. Discovery should have evolved into action, but as the events of the next three years showed, it did not.
        The Refusal to Believe.
        Laqueur (Walter Laqueur, author of The Terrible Secret) depended a great deal on the distinction between knowing and believing to analyze American reaction, contending that despite widespread publicity, the outside world could not come to grips with a tragedy of such an unprecedented nature.  The nature of the news filtering out of Europe left the democratic world floundering for a reference point to grasp its meaning, and finding themselves psychologically incapable of ascribing any such meaning, Americans turned away." [ from http://history.hanover.edu/hhr/94/hhr94_5.html ]

In December 1942, when the free nations of the world were just getting organized into "The United Nations", one of their first joint ventures was an official proclamation against the atrocities being committed against the Jewish people by Nazi Germany [ see the actual text in the box below: ]

the New York Times

Front page, Dec 18, 1942

11 ALLIES CONDEMN
NAZI WAR ON JEWS
United Nations Issues Joint
Declaration of Protest on
"Cold–blooded Extermination"
Special to The N Y Times

Washington. Dec 17,  — A Joint declaration by members of the United Nations was issued today condemning Germany's "bestial policy of cold–blooded extermination" of Jews and declaring that "such events can only strengthen the resolve of all freedom–loving peoples to overthrow the barbarous Hitlerite tyranny "
The nations reaffirmed "their solemn resolution to Insure that those responsible for these crimes shall not escape retribution and to press on with the necessary practical measures to this end."
The declaration was issued simultaneously through the State Department here and in London. It was subscribed to by eleven nations. Including the United States. Britain and Russia, and also by the French National Committee In London.
The declaration referred particularly to the program as conducted in Poland and to the barbarous forms it is taking.

Front page, Dec 18, 1942
[ microfiche copy ]
[ article continued on page 10 ] – >
page 10, continued from front page (at left)

December 18, 1942
NAZI RETRIBUTION WIDENED by (British Prime Minister) EDEN.
He warns German people of responsibility,
if cruelties to Jews are continued.
M.P.'s (Members of Parliament)
in silence. Gesture marks approval
of allies' declaration. —
Canada lines up with movement.
Wireless to The New York Times.

London, Dec. 17 – To mark their support of the government declaration made by Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in the House of Commons today against the German persecution of European Jews, the members stood in silence for a few moments. It was also in protest against what one member described as "this disgusting barbarism."
Mr. Eden made it quite clear that it was the intention that all persons responsible for crimes against the Jews – whether they were ringleaders or – actual perpetrators of the outrages would be treated alike and brought to judgement.
"Members can be sure," Mr. Eden said, "that we will do what we can to alleviate these horrors, but at this stage it must inevitably be slight."
Mr. Eden also pointed out the difficulties attaching to the suggestion on the migration of Jews to Sweden or other neutral countries. Members pressed the question of what could be done to help the persecuted Jews, but from the tone of Mr. Eden's replies it could be seen that at present very little can be done to help them.
Mr. Eden assured one questioner that the United Nations would broadcast to the German people that Jewish atrocities were not war but murder and that they would be held in some measure responsible if they allowed the German Government to carry out their horrible intention of transporting all Jews, in conditions of appalling horror and brutality, to Eastern Europe."

[ microfiche copy ]

London's BBC published a similar news report on Dec. 17, 1942, which contained some additional information, including :
        "The House then heard him (Eden) read out the declaration below, which condemned "in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold–blooded extermination" and made a "solemn resolution to ensure that those responsible for these crimes shall not escape retribution".
        He said the United Nations would try to give asylum to as many refugees as possible but that there were "immense geographical difficulties" as well as security procedures to overcome."

Text of declaration:
"German Policy of Extermination of the Jewish Race"

"The attention of the Governments of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Yugoslavia, and of the French National Committee has been drawn to numerous reports from Europe that the German authorities, not content with denying to persons of Jewish race in all the territories over which their barbarous rule has been extended the most elementary human rights, are now carrying into effect Hitler's oft repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe. From all the occupied countries Jews are being transported, in conditions of appalling horror and brutality, to Eastern Europe. In Poland, which has been made the principal Nazi slaughterhouse, the ghettoes established by the German invaders are being systematically emptied of all Jews except a few highly skilled workers required for war industries. None of those taken away are ever heard of again. The able-bodied are slowly worked to death in labour camps. The infirm are left to die of exposure and starvation or are deliberately massacred in mass executions. The number of victims of these bloody cruelties is reckoned in many hundreds of thousands of entirely innocent men, women and children.
       The above mentioned Governments and the French National Committee condemn in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold-blooded extermination. They declare that such events can only strengthen the resolve of all freedom loving peoples to overthrow the barbarous Hitlerite tyranny.

Although the allied nations pleaded with
Pius XII to add the Holy See's support
to the declaration, he refused to do so.

This declaration did in spades what the papacy never did, i.e. it spelled out who the victims were, the Jews, and who the villains were, i.e. Germany's Nazis, under the direction of Adolf Hitler.

I have no idea what her point was, because the style of this staunch defender of Pius XII seems to be to shoot all kinds of pellets of information at readers in the hopes of impressing them with her "scholarship". But Sister Margherita Marchione included the following tidbits on page 149 of her Consensus and Controversy: Defending Pope Pius XII:

"During this period, Pope Pius XII met for more than ninety minutes with Myron Taylor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal representative to the Vatican, and the general opinion was that the Vatican was on the verge of doing something more directly to help the Jews in the various occupied countries."  and
        From London, December 23, 1942, Chief Rabbi Hertz sent a telegram to Pope Pius XII, requesting that he intervene for the Jews in eastern Europe who were threatened with annihilation: "In the name of worldwide religious Jewry respectfully beseech intervention of his Holiness to save annihilation of Israel in Eastern Europe. We invoke the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of Man to save one suffering people. At this momentous hour – Agudas Israel World Organization of Orthodox Jews."

Considering the facts that "the general opinion was that the Vatican was on the verge of doing something more directly to help the Jews" proved to be dead wrong and that Pius did the very opposite of what Rabbi Hertz had pleaded with him to do, if anything, these excerpts undermine, rather than justify Sister Marchione's support of Pius XII.

"The Pope finally gave a reason for his consistent refusals to make a public statement in December 1942. The Allied governments issued a declaration, "German Policy of Extermination of the Jewish Race," which stated that there would be retribution for the perpetrators of Jewish murders. When Tittman asked Secretary of State Maglione if the Pope could issue a similar proclamation, Maglione said the papacy was "unable to denounce publicly particular atrocities." One reason for this position was that the staunchly anti–communist Pope felt he could not denounce the Nazis without including the Communists; therefore, Pius XII would only condemn general atrocities.
        The Pope did speak generally against the extermination campaign. On January 18, 1940, after the death toll of Polish civilians was estimated at 15,000, the Pope said in a broadcast, "The horror and inexcusable excesses committed on a helpless and a homeless people have been established by the unimpeachable testimony of eye–witnesses." During his Christmas Eve radio broadcast in 1942, he referred to the "hundreds of thousands who through no fault of their own, and solely because of their nation or race, have been condemned to death or progressive extinction." The Pope never mentioned by name either the the Jews (as the victims), nor the Nazis (as the villains) .
        { http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/pius.html }
        A site by a Catholic apologist makes this interesting admission :  "To prevent retaliation, he (Pius) did not refer to Nazism by name, but people of that era still understood him, including the Nazis."  
       Now, if everybody knew that the pope was talking about "Jews" and "Nazis", then why would it make any difference whether the pope said "Jews" and "Nazis" out loud or not?  The answer, obviously is that Hitler didn't mind the pope speaking ambiguously. So long as Catholics weren't put on the spot, and forced by their religious leaders to choose between obeying Hitler and obeying God, Hitler was content to let Pius be Pius, the supreme diplomat who could avoid offending anybody by speaking and writing nothing but ambiguities.
        In a September 1940 broadcast, the Vatican called its policy "neutrality," but stated in the same broadcast that "where morality was involved, no neutrality is possible".  This could only mean that they didn't view mass-murder as a moral issue - which is why the Vatican could be neutral about it! -
        The Pope's indifference to the mistreatment of Jews was often clear. In 1941, for example, after being asked by French Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain if the Vatican would object to anti–Jewish laws, Pius XII answered that the church condemned racism, but did not repudiate every rule against the Jews. When Pétain's French puppet government introduced "Jewish statutes," the Vichy ambassador to the Holy See informed Pétain that the Vatican did not consider the legislation in conflict with Catholic teachings, as long as they were carried out with "charity" and "justice."
        "Within the Pope's own church, Cardinal Theodor Innitzer of Vienna told Pius XII about Jewish deportations in 1941. In 1942, the Slovakian charge d'affaires, a position under the supervision of the Pope, reported to Rome that Slovakian Jews were being systematically deported and sent to death camps.
        In October 1941, the Assistant Chief of the U.S. delegation to the Vatican, Harold Tittman, asked the Pope to condemn the atrocities. The response came that the Holy See wanted to remain "neutral," and that condemning the atrocities would have a negative influence on Catholics in German–held lands.
        Robert Wistrich, (the author of "Six Million Crucifixions", notes that "by the end of 1942, the Vatican was among the best–informed institutions in Europe concerning the Holocaust. Except for the Germans or perhaps British intelligence, few people were more aware of the local details as well as the larger picture."
        In late August 1942, after more than 200,000 Ukrainian Jews had been killed, Ukrainian Metropolitan Andrej Septyckyj wrote a long letter to the Pope, referring to the German government as a regime of terror and corruption, more diabolical than that of the Bolsheviks. The Pope replied by quoting verses from Psalms and advising Septyckyj to "bear adversity with serene patience."
        In the summer of 1942, long after the Roman curia had become aware of the mass murders, Pius explained to his college of Cardinals the reasons for the great gulf that existed between Jews and Christians at the theological level: "Jerusalem has responded to His call and to His grace with the same rigid blindness and stubborn ingratitude that has led it along the path of guilt to the murder of God." Historian Guido Knopp describes these comments of Pius as being "incomprehensible" at a time when "Jerusalem was being murdered by the million". [ "Hitler's Holocaust", Guido Knopp, Sutton,2000, p. 250 ]
        On September 18, 1942, Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, the future Pope Paul VI, wrote, "The massacres of the Jews reach frightening proportions and forms." Yet, that same month when Myron Taylor, U.S. representative to the Vatican, warned the Pope that his silence was endangering his moral prestige, the Secretary of State responded on the Pope's behalf that it was impossible to verify rumors about crimes committed against the Jews.
        Wladislaw Raczkiewicz, president of the Polish government–in–exile, appealed to the Pope in January 1943 to publicly denounce Nazi violence. Bishop Preysing of Berlin did the same, at least twice. Pius XII refused.
        The Pope finally gave a reason for his consistent refusals to make a public statement in December 1942. The Allied governments issued a declaration, "German Policy of Extermination of the Jewish Race," which stated that there would be retribution for the perpetrators of Jewish murders. When Tittman asked Secretary of State Maglione if the Pope could issue a similar proclamation, Maglione said the papacy was "unable to denounce publicly particular atrocities." One reason for this position was that the staunchly anti–communist Pope felt he could not denounce the Nazis without including the Communists; therefore, Pius XII would only condemn general atrocities.

So can we finally bury once and for all the preposterous claim that Pope Pius XII was "about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares (dared) to raise his voice" (against Hitler)?

Normally, conservatives can't express enough contempt for the New York Times but when that "liberal rag" comes to the defense of an icon of theirs like Pope Pius XII, they can't quote the N.Y. Times often enough. Take the famous Christmas Day "editorial" for example:

the New York Times the New York Times
Dec. 25, 1941

    Commenting on the pope's official Christmas Message, an "editorial" on page 24 said:

"The voice of Pius XII is a lonely voice in the silence and darkness enveloping Europe this Christmas . . . he is about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares to raise his voice at all . . . no one but the Pope is able to speak aloud in the name of the Prince of Peace. . . the Pope put himself squarely against Hitlerism . . . he left no doubt that the Nazi aims are also irreconcilable with his own conception of a Christmas peace."

[ www.CatholicLeague.org/pius/nyt_editorials.htm features the entire text of the editorials.]
Dec. 25, 1942

    Commenting on the pope's official Christmas Message, an "editorial" on page 16 said :

"The voice of Pius XII is a lonely voice in the silence and darkness enveloping Europe this Christmas. . . He is about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares to raise his voice at all." The Pope's Christmas message was also interpreted in the Gestapo report: "in a manner never known before. . . the Pope has repudiated the National Socialist New European Order [Nazism]. It is true, the Pope does not refer to the National Socialists in Germany by name, but his speech is one long attack on everything we stand for. . . . Here he is clearly speaking on behalf of the Jews." Perhaps the rest of the world should interpret the Pope's words as they were meant and, undoubtedly, correctly understood by the Nazis."

[check original for order of passages]:

On 04/14 /2011, Googling the claim that " is about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares to raise his voice at all" produced "4,040 results". Four years later, the same search produced " 43,800 results " with the following typical examples:

One of the most quoted defenders of Pius XII, Sister Margherita Marchione, writes in her article, "The Truth About Pope Pius XII", at http://www.catholicleague.org/pius/truth.htm :
        "An honest evaluation of Pope Pius XII's words and actions will exonerate him from false accusations and show that he has been unjustly maligned. The Pope neither favored nor was favored by the Nazis. . .
        The New York Times editorial (December 25, 1942) was specific: "The voice of Pius XII is a lonely voice in the silence and darkness enveloping Europe this Christmas... He is about the only ruler left on the Continent of Europe who dares to raise his voice at all."