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"The Myth of
"In Hitler's Pope, award-winning journalist John Cornwell shows that Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII, was instrumental in negotiating an accord that helped the Nazis' rise to unhindered power – and sealed the fate of the Jews in Europe.
Drawing upon secret Vatican and Jesuit archives to which he had unprecedented access, Cornwell tells the full, tragic story of how narcissistic, long-standing personal antipathy for the Jews, and personal and spiritual ambition combined to make Pius XII the most dangerous churchman in history. Not just a firm and final indictment of Pius XII's papacy, Hitler's Pope is also a searing exploration of its lingering consequences for the Catholic Church today."Other noteworthy reviews :
James Carroll, the author of the outstanding book on the history of his Roman Catholic Church, "Constantine's Sword" wrote the following lengthy review, in 1999: http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/99oct/9910pope.htm
"The shocking untold the story of Pope Pius XII that redefines the entire history of the 20th century." . . . .
The title tells the tale. And a chilling tale it is: Eugenio Pacelli, then the Vatican's all-powerful secretary of state, made it possible for Adolf Hitler to achieve total power in Germany and, as Pope Pius XII, went on to appease him, maintaining inexplicable public silence as the Nazis destroyed and massacred millions of European Jews before and during World War II. In other words, the pro-Germany and "anti-Judaic" Pacelli-who had spent 13 years in Munich and Berlin as papal nuncio - bears, according to this most important book, awesome personal responsibility for the evil of Hitler ... and the Holocaust. Had Pius XII publicly condemned Hitler's acts - and even top Germany military commanders in Italy secretly urged him to do so toward the end of the war - many millions of lives might have been saved. The conclusions and revelations presented by John Cornwell in his meticulously researched Hitler's Pope, many of them based on materials from heretofore closed Vatican, Italians, German, British, and French archives and other unimpeachable sources, leave no doubt that Eugenio Pacelli was the Fuëhrer's best imaginable ally."
"John Cornwell, a meticulous Catholic historian and journalist, has had access to previously unpublished Vatican documents. . .   [he makes] a sophisticated and surprising argument, but one that does help make sense of some of Pius XII's behavior."
"A book that cannot, and should not, be ignored. Every point that Cornwell raises – whether it is Pacelli's early career, his concordat negotiations, his spirituality and approach to the world, his refusal to ever explicitly criticize Nazi Germany, and his reaction to the Holocaust – is a matter of crucial concern to Catholics. . .   Cornwell's final words are judgmental but also challenging and inviting. His frankness may antagonize some, but I detect in this book an honesty and an angst that should not be overlooked."
"This fascinating book would be a lightning rod at any time [but] this bid for Pius XII's sainthood is creating outrage in the Jewish community and among a large number of Catholics as well. Cornwell's meticulous and principled scholarship is a significant contribution to a painful debate."
"If anything, given the hideous consequences of the Holocaust and the culpability of millions of people who did not fight against it, Cornwell is circumscribed and methodical . . .   His tracing of the late 19th – and early 20th – century political, ethnic, and ecclesiastical history in Europe and Rome is detailed, intricate, and fascinating . . .   There is an argument for not caring; what's done is done and finished. Since history cannot be amended, it does not matter. That argument is unacceptable . . .   Ignorance by choice is culpability with malice aforethought. Read this book"
"A devastating indictment of Pius as guilty of moral treachery so great that it defames his papacy and should deny his elevation to sainthood . . .   Cornwell, a Cambridge University scholar and prominent British journalist, gives us an account that is unsparing, though temperate and largely dispassionate. He has fresh sources, including the records of Archbishop Pacelli during his long tenure from 1917 to 1929 as Pope Pius XI's ambassador (or Nuncio) to Germany: correspondence from the British envoy to the Vatican; and key Jesuit archives."
"As Cornwell brilliantly demonstrates, Pius XII brought the authoritarianism and the centralization of his predecessors to their most extreme stage . . .   Nowadays we may not know what as saint should be, but we do know what as saint should not be – a man of narrow spirit and heart, a man who could not find at the very least 'a candid word' when millions of human beings from all corners of Europe, some of them from under his own windows, were lead to their systematic extermination."
"Scathing . . .   It illuminates the previously neglected episodes in the life of this prospective saint, it alerts us to flaws in the received version."
"A ground-breaking narrative . . .   It is hard to imagine a more timely book, in light of Pope John Paul II's reaching out to the Jewish community . . .   The author exposes of moral myopia in Pacelli that permeated his blundering diplomacy with Hitler . . .   The chapter on the roundup and deportation of the Jews overall is particularly heart-rending."
"Hitler's Pope reads like a thriller as it takes us through the high-powered negotiations and international crises from an unusual prospective . . .   Given the campaign to beatify Pius XII, this meticulous, persuasive and impassioned book is disturbing in its presentation of a profoundly flawed man obsessed with absolute papal authority no matter what the consequences for others."
" [writing] with academic excellence and literary clarity, Cornwell does more than provide evidence of how Pius cooperated with Hitler. He reveals the internal political machinations of one of the most powerful religious organizations on the planet, as well as depicting Hitler's 'brilliance' in understanding the dynamics of power."
"By combining the painstaking research of other scholars with his own new documentation. . . Cornwell makes a case in Hitler's Pope that is very difficult to refute."
". . .the first serious and complete biography of Eugenio Pacelli, Pius XII. . ."
"A devastating refutation of the claim that this Pope's diplomacy can in any way be characterized as wisdom. Instead of a portrait of a man worthy of sainthood, Cornwell lays out the story of a narcissistic, power-hungry manipulator who was prepared to lie, to appease and to collaborate in order to accomplish his ecclesiastical purpose – which was not to save lives or even to protect the Catholic Church but, more narrowly, to protect and advance the power of the papacy."
"A brilliant and serious work of major historical weight. It is certain to cause shock and outrage, rationalization and denial."
"Scathing . . .   Is the indictment persuasive? Sadly, it is, coming not in the form of a court record but rather as a skilled biography . . .   The books middle chapters are a superb lesson in Catholic Church politics . . .   Pacelli's subsequent election as pope and the disastrous aftermath for European Jews are thoroughly documented and smoothly written. As Catholic and Jewish leaders work to build better understanding, knowledge about how and why Pope Pius XII acted as he did make ease the and in the their dialogue."
"Hitler is Pope accurately reflects the decline , inside and outside the Catholic Church, of the reputation of Eugenio Pacelli . . .   Cornwell's arguments, his detailed grasp of Roman Catholic history and politics and his lucid prose will persuade many readers of the merits of his indictment of Pius XII."
Ray Dubuque's response to
After spending years reading the carefully nuanced scholarship of authors like Cornwell, Carroll, Goldhagen and Lewy, it was a shock to my system to read what passes for professional scholarship in Rabbi Dalin's circle of Conservative Roman Catholic friends. After doing a little investigating, however, I understood. I don't know what this Rabbi's prior jobs were, but his current job is teaching at the Domino Pizza-man, Tom Monaghan's, ultra-Conservative Catholic Ave Maria University in Naples, Florida, i.e. the of Roman Catholic version of "Bob Jones University ". That's the one about which Fr. Joseph Fessio, AMU Provost admitted in an October 2006 fundraising letter that "problems" are near "crisis" level at AMU - students are leaving, the institution is unable to attract high-quality paying students, the project is over budget, and "we (AMU) are presently a rather small and unaccredited institution. . ."
While you might imagine that Rabbi Dalin wrote this book to refute what Pius XII's critics have written about this pope's role in the Jewish holocaust, Dalin himself says in this book (I kid you not) : "Very few of the many recent books about Pius XII and the Holocaust are actually about Pius XII and the Holocaust." (p. 2) This Conservative Rabbi views the criticism of the Catholic Church's role in the Jewish Holocaust as merely a kind of Trojan horse for what Dalin calls "the liberationist agenda". He writes for example, about the famous Jewish scholar who has written two highly acclaimed books on the Holocaust, "(Daniel) Goldhagen has become one of many staples for secular leftists whose hatred of Catholicism derives from the Church's opposition to abortion, gay rights, the ordination of women, and the rest of the liberationist agenda."( p. 5 ) That is why Dalin actually devotes fewer than 100 pages of this little book of his to the issue of Pius XII and the Holocaust, and then spends the rest of his efforts on those other "culture war" issues.
Having read most of the books this "Rabbi" is referring to, I have to guess that he is either disgracefully dishonest or that he hasn't bothered to even read the books that he so mischaracterizes.At several points on this web site, we contrast what Dalin claims vs. what we argue is the truth. These can be found by using the [search box] and entering Dalin.
The following are examples of the way this "giant of academia" refers to first class scholars with whom he disagrees, followed by examples of Dalin's idea of "scholarship":
Alhough the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini, may well have been a more willing collaborator of Hitler's than was the Pope, the Mufti wasn't able to provide anywhere near the millions of Catholic collaborators in the many of the Axis nations that the Pope was able to deliver to Hitler . The one notable exception was the Balkans. But even there, the Muslims were the subordinate partners of the Roman Catholic leadership, which directed the effort to persecute and/or exterminate their Jewish and Serbian Orthodox neighbors.
I have found several instances of Catholic sites that attempt to defend Pius XII from John Cornwell's charge that he was "Hitler's Pope", on the grounds that Cornwell can't be trustworthy because he confessed at some point to being "a lapsed Catholic for more than 20 years", and that he wrote in a book that human beings are "morally, psychologically and materially better off without a belief in God."
What these Catholic sources fail to point out, however, is that the John Cornwell who published "Hitler's Pope" in 1999 was not the same John Cornwell who made those comments in 1989 & 1993. As he explained in 2005, "These comments you quote are taken from books written many years ago. I began my return to the Church some fourteen years ago (in the early 1990's) after an absence of more than twenty years."
In the interview where he gives that explanation, namely http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A47135-2005Jan29.html , he reveals himself as a remarkably conservative Roman Catholic.
Some Catholic apologists dismiss John Cornwell out of hand. But if he was as incompetent and/or dishonorable as these people claim, then why, in response to the mysterious death of Pope John Paul I in September of 1978, after a reign of only thirty-three days did the Vatican choose none other than this same John Cornwell to conduct a new, independent investigation into the true circumstances of the Pope's death? In the book which resulted from his investigation and for which the Vatican cooperated fully, Cornwell's A Thief in the Night tells the story of his search, including a startling theory about John Paul I's untimely demise – and a chilling and unsurpassed look inside one of the world's oldest, most secretive institutions.For much more on "Ave Maria University" check out "Ave Maria University: A Catholic project gone wrong" and